Hard Ferrite Magnets

Ceramic magnetic raw materials

Ceramic magnetic materials provide a wide application area owing to their good price-quality mix. In addition to use in electric and electronic systems, these hard ferrite magnets are also used In less technical products such as memo magnets for planning systems, promotional gifts, magnetic door fastenings etc. The raw material used in ceramic magnets is composed of about 80% iron oxide and dependent on the properties required, strontium or barium carbonate and other materials are added.

There are two production methods: “dry press” and “wet press”. The dry process is used for isotropic and anisotropic materials. The wet press method applies only to the production of anisotropic material. From the automatic (wet) process of dosing, grinding and mixing raw materials, a pulpy, wet substance is obtained, which is pressed into the required form under the influence of a magnetic field. At the end of this production phase the product is demagnetized by inversion of the magnetic field. This is done in order to be able to release the pressed material from the form and to prevent fouling by loose magnetic particles.

After the products have been dried, a very accurate sintering process takes place, whereby the products acquire the required mechanical and magnetic properties. Before delivery of the products, they are finished off according to the customer’s required product specification. The material is to a large extent corrosion resistant and is even unable to be damaged by weak acids, oil and solvents etc. In the interest of environment protection the use of strontium based materials is preferred to barium, which is a heavy metal and can adversely affect the environment through inexpert use. Owing to its hardness, the material has to be worked using diamond tools. The magnetic properties remain constant within a wide temperature range of (-40 up to 250° C). In high temperatures the magnetic force will decrease. This is temporary however, for when the temperature returns to the normal level, the magnetic force will also return undiminished (reversible temperature curve). When however, ceramic magnets are subjected to extremely low temperatures, the magnetic force will remain diminished (irreversible loss). Above a temperature of about 400 ° C (Curie temperature), the material will become completely de-magnetised so on return to normal temperature it will need to be re-magnetised. Used under normal conditions, the magnetic properties of ceramic magnets can be guaranteed tor life.

The application area for ceramic magnets is vast. Owing to the good price-quality mix ceramic magnets are used in many industrial and household applications. The most occurring types of ceramic magnetic materials are anisotropic strontium and isotropic barium. This last mentioned material is without doubt the favourite tor “low-cost” applications.

Plastic bonded ceramic magnetic materials

Through the use of ceramic magnetic materials plastic bonded, flexible components are obtained. This material is derived from a mix of the basic ceramic magnetic material with thermoplastic materials such as polyamide or polyvinyl. First of all, the raw materials undergo a careful dosing and mixing process after which they are shaped accordingly using injection-moulding machines or calendar presses or by extrusion. Practically any shape is possible as a result of the immense flexibility of these materials.
As well as in customer specified magnetic components, magnetic material plastic bonded is also used in the manufacture of magnetic tape and foil. The foil material is available in both anisotropic and semi anisotropic forms, and can be supplied in sheet form or on a roll in various widths. Magnetic tape is available in (semi-) anisotropic and isotropic forms. The flexible magnetic material can be used in a wide application area. Examples of foil use include: advertisement boards for (temporary) attachment to cars, planning systems, magnetic tickets in warehouses, learning systems, board signs and name-plates in buildings. The material can be punched or cut easily. The foil types can be both coated and/or silkscreen printed as desired. It is also possible to offset print the coating in advance. After the foil has been affixed, it can be punched or cut to every shape and form imaginable.

The application area for magnetic tape includes not only door magnets for showers cabinets and refrigerators but also industrial applications such as fixing metal objects in place and the temporary fastening of tools. There are also uses for magnetic tape in motors and dynamos.

Bakker Magnetics. Delivering magnetic expertise.